how kidney stones form?

how kidney stones form?
Kidney stones form when your urine contains more crystal-forming substances — such as calcium, oxalate and uric acid — than the fluid in your urine can dilute. At the same time, your urine may lack substances that prevent crystals from sticking together, creating an ideal environment for kidney stones to form.
Full answer in: www.mayoclinic.org
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How do you get kidney stones?
Urinalysis. Urinalysis involves a health care professional testing your urine sample. ...
Blood tests. A health care professional may take a blood sample from you and send the sample to a lab to test. ...
Abdominal x-ray. ...
Computed tomography (CT) scans.
Full answer in: www.niddk.nih.gov
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How do you prevent kidney stones?
Stay hydrated. Drinking more water is the best way to prevent kidney stones. ...
Eat more calcium-rich foods. ...
Eat less sodium. ...
Eat fewer oxalate-rich foods. ...
Eat less animal protein. ...
Avoid vitamin C supplements. ...
Explore herbal remedies.
Full answer in: www.healthline.com
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How stones are formed?
The mechanism of stone formation include nucleation of stone constituent crystals, their growth or aggregation to a size that can interact with some intrarenal structure, their retention within the kidney or renal collecting system and further aggregation and/or secondary nucleation to form the clinical stone.
Full answer in: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
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What foods cause kidney stones to form?
Avoid stone-forming foods: Beets, chocolate, spinach, rhubarb, tea, and most nuts are rich in oxalate, which can contribute to kidney stones. If you suffer from stones, your doctor may advise you to avoid these foods or to consume them in smaller amounts. Aug 31, 2020
Full answer in: www.health.harvard.edu